In the 11th century the Seljuq Turks overran Persia and Mesopotamia, and their ascendancy lasted until the advent of the Mongols during the 13th century. As the Seljuqs had no capital, the most flourishing cities during this time were those… Early Iranian period The most artistically important, though not the most ancient, prehistoric painted pottery of Iran is derived from Susiana Elam. The stylized shapes of animals and birds are used, their curves and contrasting angularities skillfully adapted to the sensitive shapes of the clay vessels in a manner that implies a long history of evolutionary experiment. The simplified silhouettes, which once must have appeared as individual figures, are linked together in a repetitive frieze to form a band of enrichment or to articulate some plastic feature. Nothing of this sort is to be seen in the contemporary Ubaid pottery of southern Mesopotamia, although the two cultures show a parallel progression. In the succeeding Protoliterate period , each culture produced an independent form of pictographic writing. In Iran, this development took place in Elam, a region bordering on southern and central Mesopotamia.
The Origins of Aryan People By: Herodotus, the father of history, writes in his book: In another part of his book, Herodotus writes that the Medians were known as Aryans during a certain period.
Iranian languages, subgroup of the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family. Iranian languages are spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, and parts of Iraq, Turkey, Pakistan, and scattered areas of the Caucasus Mountains. Linguists typically approach the Iranian languages in.
The languages of the empire were as varied as its peoples. The Persians, at least originally, spoke Old Persian, a southwestern dialect of Iranian Median was a northwestern Iranian dialect , and were a nonliterate society. Their language was first written when Darius commanded that… Ancient Old Iranian Of the ancient Iranian languages, only two are known from texts or inscriptions, Avestan and Old Persian , the oldest parts of which date from the 6th century bce.
Avestan an extinct East Iranian language was probably spoken in northeastern Iran , and Old Persian an extinct West Iranian language is known to have been used in southwestern Iran. Other ancient Iranian languages must have existed, and indirect evidence is available concerning some of these. In addition, a number of Median personal names are attested in various sources. It is likely that all those languages that are known only from the Middle Iranian period were in fact spoken in a less developed form in the ancient period.
It is possible that the same observation applies to some of those modern Iranian languages that are not attested in the earlier periods. The degree of mutual intelligibility that existed among the ancient Iranian languages is not known with certainty.
Comment required February 1, 6: Blinded by the flash of headline events, we fail to see the strategic arcs of our era: History is vengeful toward the ignorant. A Turkish attempt to establish a neo-Ottoman Empire failed none of their neighbors wanted the Turks back , but three other imperia have gotten at least one foot out of the grave: Not one means us well.
The Persian Empire Iran is piling one brick on the other.
Iranian women are showing their support for a teenager detained by the authorities under the country’s strict modesty laws by sharing videos of themselves dancing on social media.
Massoume Price , Iranian culture is Class based, traditional and patriarchal. Tradition for most is rooted in religion and class and patriarchy have been constant features of Iranian society since ancient times. Class in its simplest form is mainly based on income and financial status or family genealogy, though modernity and traditionalism might also be used to distinguish classes.
In Iran different classes are bounded together through different processes and have different cultures. For example kinship is a primary source of security and financial support for low-income families. While with the affluent kinship is a source of emotional and psychological support and welfare. Generally the lower and uneducated classes may regard females as inferior or different who are entitled to a lesser position in the society.
History of Iran
A source told CHRI: Then they sentenced him to death. His mother said in a video interview obtained by CHRI: Nouri was issued a death sentence, but it is unknown if the Supreme Court has given its final ruling. Eliasi had his seven-year prison sentence reduced to three on appeal. Japanese-based Line has since added end-to-end encryption to its messages, although it is not known how they came to be seen by the authorities.
History and description of Haplogroup R1a (Y-chromosomal DNA) and its subclades. Haplogroup R1a is the dominant paternal lineage in Northeast Europe and southern Central Asia. It was diffused around Eurasia by the Indo-Aryans and Balto-Slavic people.
Email Americans have been hearing for several years about potential war with Iran. For instance, on September 17, , Time magazine reported, “The U. War discussions would be unnecessary. Yet many forget that, until 30 years ago, exactly such a regime led Iran, until it was toppled with the help of the same U. Although Iran, also called Persia, was the world’s oldest empire, dating back 2, years, by it was floundering. Bandits dominated the land; literacy was one percent; and women, under archaic Islamic dictates, had no rights.
The Shah changed all this. Primarily by using oil-generated wealth, he modernized the nation. He built rural roads, postal services, libraries, and electrical installations. He constructed dams to irrigate Iran’s arid land, making the country percent self-sufficient in food production. He established colleges and universities, and at his own expense, set up an educational foundation to train students for Iran’s future.
Culture of Iran
Iranian, Persian Alternative Names The term “Persian” is used as an adjective— especially pertaining to the arts—and to designate the principal language spoken in Iran. The term is often used to designate the larger cultural sphere of Iranian civilization. The terms “Iran” as the designation for the civilization, and “Iranian” as the name for the inhabitants occupying the large plateau located between the Caspian Sea and the Persian Gulf have been in continual use for more than twenty-five hundred years.
Parts of what is modern-day northwestern Iran was part of the Kura–Araxes culture (circa BC—ca. BC), that stretched up into the neighboring regions of the Caucasus and Anatolia.. Susa is one of the oldest-known settlements of Iran and the world. Based on C14 dating, the time of foundation of the city is as early as BC, a time that goes beyond the age of civilization in.
According to one version the sun was on the first point of Aries at midday of the day Ohrmazd of the month of Frawardin. All the above-mentioned hypotheses about the Y. This presumption is, however, contrary to our oldest reports of the Iranian calendar by early Muslim astronomers. These reports are expressly to the effect that an intercalation of one month in the Persian year every or years was more or less regularly carried out in pre-Islamic times.
This is based on accepting literally the statements of the Muhammadan astronomers regarding the actual intercalation in the Sasanian period even in the Persian civil year, and at the same time admitting the introduction in Persia of the Egyptian calendar without any change whatsoever except, of course, for the substitution of Persian names for the months. The prevalent opinion, as it is well-known, is that there were two sorts of year in use: It is also generally believed that, in adopting the Egyptian vague year, the Iranians changed the year’s beginning from the season corresponding at that time to the Egyptian New Year December to the vernal equinox.
Now Cavaignac, though he admits that the Egyptian calendar was introduced in the fifth century BC, is of opinion that originally the Persian month Frawardin, and not the month Dai, stood for the first Egyptian month, namely Toth. Moreover, according to his theory, though this vague year without any intercalation possibly has been since used to a certain extent by the mass of people, nevertheless the Babylonian or the Old-Persian used in the Behistun inscription remained the official calendar of Persia until the fall of the Achaemenian empire, after which it was superseded by the Syro-Macedonian calendar, which lasted from Alexander’s conquest till the rise of the Sasanian dynasty.
He thinks, therefore, that it was in the Sasanian period that the Y.
10 Surprising Facts About Iranian Culture
Near me in Kensington Brooklyn, NY is a large community of Pakistani Muslims, and you regularly see young men holding hands in the street, gazing into each others eyes and talking in whispers — I kid you not! When I lived in Astoria Queens, NY there was an Egyptian area, and the same thing, you would see young men in hookah bars, sitting on couches, arms around each other, chit chatting the night away, and again supposedly they were heterosexuals.
Ditto for all the poetic winebibbing.
The Iranian peoples, or the Iranic peoples, are a diverse Indo-European ethno-linguistic group that comprise the speakers of the Iranian languages.. The Proto-Iranians are believed to have emerged as a separate branch of the Indo-Iranians in Central Asia in the mid-2nd millennium BC. At their peak of expansion in the mid-1st millennium BC, the territory of the Iranian peoples stretched across.
Karla I did not know this. Thanks for the education! I also think Swizz Beats is of Iranian descent. They are very pretty ladies. This is very interesting. I have never watched the show either. But, I knew who these young ladies were.
The Persian words goftare nik, pendare nik, kerdare nik meaning good words, good thoughts, good deeds became the main keystones of the religion called Zoroastrianism. It is known as history’s oldest monotheistic religion and was founded by a man who became a prophet and who also was the first philosopher in history. His name was Zarathushtra. These ideas were sprung out of the place where Zarathushtra lived which is considered to be in modern day northeastern Iran and which in ancient times were one of the main geographical sites where the Aryan civilization thrived.
Although Iran, also called Persia, was the world’s oldest empire, dating back 2, years, by it was floundering. Bandits dominated the land; literacy was one percent; and women, under.
However, before the Shah was removed from power, Iranian culture was quite progressive and Westernized. Many Iranians who enjoyed considerable freedoms before never gave up their desire for Western culture and still try to enjoy it behind closed doors. For most of us who perceive Iranians as radical or completely devout, the reality is actually quite shocking.
The official punishment for consuming alcohol in Iran is 80 lashes , a barbaric punishment that millions of citizens risk every year just so they can drink. These draconian laws were first put into place in when the shah was overthrown, and Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini came to power. In addition to smuggled alcohol, there is a huge domestic industry that produces alcohol illicitly. Many of those who drink in Iran also drive drunk. In , 26 percent of Tehran drivers were drunk when given alcohol tests during the one-month period from April 20 to May The number of alcohol abusers in Iran is stunning.
According to the World Health Organization, the number of people who drink more than 35 liters 9 gal of alcohol a year is enough to rank Iran 19th in the world—ahead of Russia, Germany, Britain, and even the US. Alcohol is especially popular with young people, who see it as a way to escape their highly restricted lives. In , though, Iran permitted the opening of new treatment centers to help deal with the problem.